Spiritual Exemplars: Global Perspectives on Spiritual Development Among Diverse Adolescents

Project Leader: Dr. Pamela Ebstyne King
Project Dates: 2007–2013
Student Researchers: Casey Clardy, Jenel Ramos
Funding: From the John Templeton Foundation in collaboration with the Center for Spiritual Development at the Search Institute

Using an exemplar methodology, the project explored core principles of spiritual development evident in diverse highly spiritual youth. Data included in-depth interviews with 32 adolescent spiritual exemplars from Peru, Kenya, India, Jordan, Great Britain, and the United States. The research team continues to explore related topics of awareness, fidelity, transcendence, purpose, contribution, spiritual coping, and influences on spiritual development.

King, P. E., Clardy, C. E., & Ramos, J. S. (2014). Adolescent spiritual exemplars: Exploring spirituality in the lives of diverse youth. Journal of Adolescent Research, 29(2), 186-212.

King, P. E., Mueller, R. O., & Furrow, J. F. (2013). Cultural and contextual considerations in exemplar research. In M. K. Matsuba, P. E. King, & K. C. Bronk, K. C. (Eds.), Exemplar methods and research: Quantitative and qualitative strategies for investigation [Special issue]. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 142.

King, P. E., Ramos, J. S., & Clardy, C. E. (2010). Religion & spirituality in diverse adolescents. In D. P. Swanson, M. C. Edwards, & M. B. Spencer (Eds.), Adolescence: Development during a global era (pp. 415-446). Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.

King, P. E., Ramos, J. S., & Clardy, C. E. (2013). Searching for the sacred: Religion, spirituality, and adolescent development. In K. I. Pargament, J. J. Exline, & J. W. Jones (Eds.), APA handbook of psychology, religion and spirituality (Vol 1): Context, theory, and research (pp. 513-528). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological     Association.

Matsuba, M. K., King, P. E., & Bronk, K. C. (Eds.). (2013). Exemplar methods and research: Quantitative and qualitative strategies for investigation [Special issue]. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 142.

King, P. E. & Boyatzis C. (2015). Religious and spiritual development in childhood and adolescence. In M. E. Lamb & C. G. Coll (Eds.), Social and Emotional Issues (Vol. 3) of the Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science (7th ed.). Editor-in-chief: R. M. Lerner. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, p. 975-1021.

King, P. E., Clardy, C. E., & Ramos, J. S. (2014). Adolescent spiritual exemplars: Exploring spirituality in the lives of diverse youth. Journal of Adolescent Research, 29(2), 186-212.

Bronk, K. C., King, P. E., & Matsuba, M. K. (2013). Introduction to exemplarity research. In M. K. Matsuba, P. E. King, & K. C. Bronk (Eds.), Exemplar methods and research: Quantitative and qualitative strategies for investigation [Special issue]. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 142.

King, P. E., Mueller, R. O., & Furrow, J. F. (2013). Cultural and contextual considerations in exemplar research. In M. K. Matsuba, P. E. King, & K. C. Bronk, K. C. (Eds.), Exemplar methods and research: Quantitative and qualitative strategies for investigation [Special issue]. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 142.

King, P. E., Ramos, J. S., & Clardy, C. E. (2013). Searching for the sacred: Religion, spirituality, and adolescent development. In K. I. Pargament, J. J. Exline, & J. W. Jones (Eds.), APA handbook of psychology, religion and spirituality (Vol 1): Context, theory, and research (pp. 513-528). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological     Association.

Matsuba, M. K., King, P. E., & Bronk, K. C. (Eds.). (2013). Exemplar methods and research: Quantitative and qualitative strategies for investigation [Special issue]. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 142.

Quagliana, H. L., King, P. E., Quagliana, D. P., & Wagener, L. M. (2013). Spiritually oriented interventions in developmental context. In D. F. Walker & W. L. Hathaway (Eds.), Spiritual interventions in child and adolescent psychotherapy (pp. 89-110). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/13947-005

King, P. E. (2011). Afterword: Where do we go from here? In A. Warren, R. M. Lerner, and E. Phelps (Eds.), Thriving and spirituality among youth: Research perspectives and future possibilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

King, P.E., Carr, A. & Boitor, C. (2011). Spirituality, religiosity, and youth thriving. In R. M. Lerner, J. V. Lerner, and J. B. Benson (Eds.), Advances in Child Development and Behavior: Vol. 41. Positive youth development: Research and applications for promoting thriving in adolescence. Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.

Clardy, C. E., & King, P. E. (2010). Adolescent religious involvement. In B. Brown & M. Prinstein (Eds.), Encyclopedia of adolescence. Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.

King, P. E., Ramos, J. S., & Clardy, C. E. (2010). Religion & spirituality in diverse adolescents. In D. P. Swanson, M. C. Edwards, & M. B. Spencer (Eds.), Adolescence: Development during a global era (pp. 415-446). Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.